Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paintbrushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers’ type; printing blocks.
Musical instruments; stands and cases adapted for musical instruments.
Precious metals and their alloys; jewellery, costume jewellery, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments, clocks and watches.
Firearms; ammunition and projectiles, explosives; fireworks.
Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water; wheelchairs; motors and engines for land vehicles; vehicle body parts and transmissions.
Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes; air conditioning apparatus; electric kettles; gas and electric cookers; vehicle lights and vehicle air conditioning units.
Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials; sex aids; massage apparatus; supportive bandages; furniture adapted for medical use.
Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; compact discs, DVDs and other digital recording media; mechanisms for coin-operated [...]
Hand tools and hand operated implements; cutlery; side arms; razors; electric razors and hair cutters.
Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs; automatic vending machines.
Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores; unwrought and partly wrought common metals; metallic windows [...]
Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; dietary supplements for humans and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.
Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting; combustible fuels, electricity and scented candles.
Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices.
Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists.
Chemicals used in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry; unprocessed plastics in the form of liquids, chips or granules.
LICENSE FOR CAPITAL MARKET OPERATORS IN NIGERIA Under Nigerian law, any company or individual seeking to offer any capital market-related services must be licensed or registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Nigeria's capital market is majorly a market for long-term investment where the issuing and trading of corporate equities and long-term debt securities are [...]
The Nigerian Communications Commissions has issued draft guidelines to telecoms operators on national roaming and infrastructure sharing. The guidelines on national roaming issued on Monday aimed to improve network quality of service delivery to subscribers in unserved and underserved communities across the country. Also, the guideline on infrastructure sharing would ensure unnecessary duplication of infrastructure [...]
HOW TO START AN OIL SERVICING COMPANY IN NIGERIA The petroleum sector is one of the highly regulated sectors in Nigeria, and as such, every entity intending to engage in such sector must be duly licensed to do so. The procedure to start an oil service company in Nigeria starts with the incorporation of such [...]
ENFORCEMENT OF JUDGMENTS IN NIGERIA All superior courts have a uniform procedure for enforcement governed by the Sheriffs and Civil Process Act. The Sheriffs and Civil Process Act, Judgment (Enforcement) Rules, and the Rules of Court collectively govern the enforcement of a judgment in Nigeria. Procedure for Enforcement of Judgment The procedure for enforcement will [...]
BUSINESS AGREEMENT IN NIGERIA PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT A business agreement is entered into or created by parties who are desirous of entering into a business relationship to accomplish a specific task or business goal while retaining their separate identities. Parties to a business transaction negotiate terms and conditions of their transaction and execute a formally binding [...]
HOW TO BUY LAND & HOUSE IN LEKKI LAGOS BUYING LAND IN IBEJU LEKKI Overtime, Lekki has become a respectable commercial hub, a residential zone, and a go-to tourist spot, thereby making Lekki a rave in the real estate industry. Lekki is one of the areas in Lagos State with various vacant lands for development. [...]
A Bureau De Change (BDC) sector has remained an important unit of the Nigerian financial market playing a crucial role in exchange rate stability and job creation. It is a business where people exchange currency for another. This business has been defined by the Central Bank of Nigeria Manual to mean a retail foreign [...]
Operators in the downstream sector of the Nigeria petroleum industry are demanding special legislation to support the deregulation of the sector and save it from the danger of policy summersault, writes Peter Uzoho Notwithstanding their consensus endorsement of the deregulation of the downstream sector of the Nigerian oil and gas industry by the current federal [...]
The stock market capitalization hit N16.207 trillion last week following sustained demand for equities. The unprecedented demand for stocks had lifted the market by N1.93 trillion to close the month of October at N15.958 trillion. Although some level of profit-taking was recorded, the positive performance was sustained in the first week of November, driving indices [...]
NNPC has begun to show its books to members of the public, an act that should increase its efficiency and transparency. The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) had in the past been associated with allegations of corrupt practices across its operations. For instance, at the request of the federal government in 2010, two audit firms, [...]
Marketers of petroleum products in the country have continued to highlight the negative impact of the long delay in passing the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) on the downstream sector of the nation’s oil industry. Precisely, they said the failure to pass the all-important bill into law for decades has resulted in a loss of appetite [...]
The Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice Tanko Muhammad, will on Friday inaugurate eight judges to the Supreme Court bench. The judges to be elevated to the apex court bench with their geo-political zone of origin are Justices Lawal Garba (North-West), Helen Ogunwumiju (South-West), Abdu Aboki (North-West), and M. M. Saulawa (North-West). Others are Justice Adamu [...]
The House Committee on Power reached the decision via a motion at the resumed budget defense session with TCN on Tuesday in Abuja. The agency had appeared before the Committee to defend its 2021 budget proposals totaling N165,89,532,680.00. It announced 14 new projects to be executed in next year’s budget. But hardly had its Managing [...]
The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), on Monday, re-arraigned former Benue Governor, Gabriel Suswam, before Justice Ahmed Mohammed of the Federal High Court, Abuja. Suswam was re-arraigned alongside the then Commissioner of Finance during his administration, Omadachi Okolobia, on an 11-count charge bordering on money laundering. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that [...]
NCDMB EXPATRIATE QUOTA APPROVAL Companies seeking to engage expatriates in the Nigerian oil and gas industry must obtain the relevant approvals from the Nigerian Content Development & Monitoring Board (NCDMB) before applying for Expatriate quota, Temporary Work Permit, or other entry permits from the Ministry of Interior, the Nigeria Immigration Service or other agencies of [...]
HOW TO BUY LAND IN LAGOS AND PAY "INSTALMENTALLY" To buy land in Lagos and pay instalmentally, the buyer must ensure that the seller has the legal right to transfer ownership in that property. Such a property transaction goes beyond merely inspecting the property or confirming the seller has a legal title on such a [...]
The difference between a Certificate of Occupancy and a Deed of Assignment can be derived from their distinct features and the role they each individually play in the acquisition of title to landed properties in Nigeria. Certificate of Occupancy A Certificate of Occupancy is an authorized document of grant issued by the State Government to [...]
WHERE TO REGISTER TRADEMARK The best place where a trademark can be registered in Nigeria is the place of a trademark agent, who mainly lawyers. A trademark agent such as the Resolution Law Firm maintains two offices in Lagos and an office in Abuja where a trademark application can be submitted for registration. Resolution Law [...]
TYPES OF ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA There are various stages for election in Nigeria. Elections are conducted periodically into various political offices across the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory. The Independent National Elections Commission (INEC) is the Commission set up by the Constitution to conduct, supervise elections in Nigeria for the office of the [...]
IMTO LICENCE IN NIGERIA The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) issued the Guidelines on International Money Transfer Services in Nigeria (2014) for the maintenance of adequate and reasonable financial services to the public and specifically for the regulation of International Money Transfer Operators (IMTO) services in Nigeria. The CBN has licensed several IMTOs and continues to receive applications from [...]
Any person who has been served with a divorce in Nigeria may respond to the Petition by filing an answer in a prescribed form. First of all, it is essential for filing purposes to state that a person who institutes a divorce petition for dissolution of marriage because the marriage has broken down irretrievably is [...]
Unfreezing a bank account in Nigeria arises where the bank account of a customer has been frozen or put on hold by the bank. When a bank account is frozen, the customer is unable to access their bank account balance or make any payment from the account. The bank can freeze a bank account for [...]
There are many differences between a private and public limited liability company in Nigeria. Companies, either private or public, are the most widely used business organization in Nigeria. The Corporate Affairs Commission established by virtue of the Companies and Allied Matters Act 2020 (CAMA or the Act) oversees the incorporation of a company in Nigeria. [...]
Artist Management Agreement in Nigeria embodies terms and conditions that will define the relationship between an artist and the manager. These terms and conditions define the structure of the total management of the artist in relation to the scope of representing the artist, duration of the agreement, rights of both artist and the manager, the [...]
The basic qualifications to conduct elections into any of the political offices in Nigeria are enshrined in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999. An electioneering process in Nigeria is a way of choosing representatives through a free and fair election conducted by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The basic qualifications to [...]
FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS IN NIGERIA Fundamental rights are those rights that have been recognized and have constitutional backing in Nigeria, these rights are contained in chapter IV of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, as amended (CFRN, 1999). For the purpose of this discussion, our focus would be limited to chapter IV, [...]
LAND DOCUMENTS IN LAGOS The transfer of land ownership in Nigeria involves the process where the legal rights to land are transferred from one person to another. There are several methods by which land can be transferred in Nigeria. Some of these methods include the followings: 1. Sale 2. Gift 3. Mortgage 4. By probate [...]
HOW TO VERIFY MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE IN NIGERIA The Marriage Act under the provision of Section 30(1) states that “every Registrar of Marriage is obliged to keep in his office a Marriage Register Book in which every certificate of marriage is filed in his office shall be registered”. This means that the Registrar or a clergyman [...]
HOW TO REGISTER A GROUP OF COMPANIES IN NIGERIA FORMATION OF CONSORTIUM COMPANY A Holding, Consortium, and a group of companies are business structures that can be created to accomplish specific purposes. The law regulating the formation of a company in Nigeria is the Companies and Allied Matters Act (CAMA or the Act). Generally, using [...]
PERFECTION OF LEGAL MORTGAGE IN NIGERIA A legal mortgage is a conveyance of land or assignment of property as a security for the repayment of a debt or the discharge of other obligations for which it is given, with a proviso for redemption (subject to the condition that the title shall be re-conveyed) once the [...]
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEPARATION OF MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE There are various suits that can be brought under Nigerian law. Amongst them are judicial separation and divorce (dissolution of marriage). Separation and divorce (dissolution of marriage) as confused by many, are not the same. Matrimonial Causes Act 1970 is the principal law governing marital disputes and settlement [...]
RESEALING OF PROBATE IN NIGERIA When a person dies, everything he owned does not die with him, there are regulations guiding the distribution, management and administration of the deceased’s estate, these processes can be carried out through either a grant of Probate or Letters of Administration. However, situations can arise where the deceased owned properties [...]
LIMITATION OF ACTION IN NIGERIA In Nigeria, there are limitations applicable to various litigation, so it is necessary to understand the statute of limitations before going to court. The statute of limitations is a law that defines the period during which a lawsuit can be brought in court. And when the period specified in any [...]
HOW TO OPEN A BUSINESS BANK ACCOUNT IN NIGERIA To open and operate a business account in Nigerian banks is an entirely different method from running an individual account in terms of its requirements and documentations. To be able to own a business account, the business must be duly registered in accordance with the Companies [...]